Timothy Link is a speed freak. The CIO of the Newark campus of Ohio State University and Central Ohio Technical College moved the schools to the forefront of high-speed networking last month when they opened the John Gilbert Reese Center. The state-of-the-art conference center with faculty offices and classrooms provides Gigabit Ethernet to desktop PCs, all connected by a 10-Gigabit Ethernet backbone network. Link is so impressed with the bandwidth the network provides that he's upgrading all the networks at both schools to gigabit speeds. And the two schools, which share a campus, will be linked to an even faster fiber network under construction that will connect all major universities in the state.
Ohio State's Link likes Gigabit Ethernet's fat pipes so much he's moving all the Newark-campus networks to the faster speed.
Photo by Janet Adams
So do many businesses whose networks increasingly are clogged with fat files. Media, health-care, and engineering companies are deploying faster networks to handle the transmission of television shows, medical images, and architectural drawings. Even the military needs more network capacity for high-resolution battlefield imagery.
More than half of 300 business-technology professionals surveyed recently by InformationWeek Research say boosting bandwidth will be a priority this year. Most have been running Ethernet (10 Mbps) and Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps) networks for years.
The move to Gigabit and 10-Gigabit Ethernet is under way, according to research firm Dell'Oro Group. About 7 million Gigabit Ethernet ports were shipped last year, and Dell'Oro predicts that number will jump to 12 million this year and hit 22 million next year. By 2007, gigabit-speed gear will make up 65% of Ethernet-switch revenue, up from 29% in 2002, the research firm says.
While sales are still small, they're growing fast enough to boost an otherwise sagging networking market. In the second quarter of this year, the Ethernet-switch market grew 2% from the first quarter, an uptick attributable almost entirely to Gigabit Ethernet, according to Dell'Oro Group. Most of the switch-market growth will come from sales of gigabit-over-copper gear, rather than equipment for fiber networks, says senior analyst Seamus Crehan. In the router market, 10-Gigabit Ethernet hardware was the only segment out of five that showed any growth, jumping 10% for the quarter.
Some analysts caution that most companies don't yet need to spend on Gigabit Ethernet capacity. "Even if you're converging voice, it's only a 64 [Kbps] bitstream," says Meta Group analyst David Willis. "That's really nothing."
But for businesses that already need the bandwidth or that want to future-proof their networks, the economics of moving to higher-speed networking technology are becoming more attractive. Less than a year ago, for example, Hewlett-Packard released a single-port, 10-Gigabit Ethernet blade switch that listed for $72,999. A new dual-port module for that switch, released last week, lists for $35,699.
Many companies are upgrading selectively. Natural gas producer Chesapeake Energy Corp. last year migrated from an asynchronous transfer mode network to an Extreme Networks Inc. BlackDiamond Gigabit Ethernet platform because several key vendors were no longer supporting the ATM equipment. The company has about 70% of its servers connected to a 10-Gigabit Ethernet backbone, says network supervisor Bryan Sagebiel. Most of Chesapeake Energy's employees are linked to the network at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps, but a dozen workstations that run bandwidth-hungry geophysical modeling applications and regularly upload and download massive seismic data files are linked at gigabit speeds. For now, that's all that's required. But Sagebiel says he's prepared to upgrade "as the need arises."
Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois is upgrading to Gigabit Ethernet and has already deployed a high-speed Cisco Systems Catalyst 6509 switch in its network core. The lab, operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, is home to 4,000 scientists who run high-bandwidth applications, including data collection, climatology, and research. Over the next two years, the lab will roll out Gigabit Ethernet to every desk, even though not everyone needs that kind of bandwidth. "There's value in having 10/100/1000 [Mbps] style flexibility," says Scott Pinkerton, Argonne's networking solutions manager, because it's hard to know who will wind up sitting where and what amount of bandwidth they'll need.
PC vendors are helping drive the move to faster networks by equipping their new systems for the higher speeds. "There are new triple-speed [network-interface cards] in most all of the new PCs and laptops," says analyst Nick Lippis, president of consulting firm Lippis Enterprises. "There's actually a huge amount of gigabit availability out there."
Networking vendors, which have suffered from slow sales during the past few years, are beefing up their product lines to convince customers to spend again on network upgrades. Market leader Cisco last month introduced modules for its Catalyst 6500 enterprise network switch that provide Gigabit and 10-Gigabit Ethernet ports.
Such products ultimately will find a larger market, as competition continues to drive down hardware prices, and bandwidth-intensive applications begin filling network pipes. Eventually, analysts say, the standard approach will be to deploy 10-Gigabit Ethernet on the core network and Gigabit Ethernet to the desktop. "I don't think there's a flash point," says Lippis. "There's a kind of a gradual curve, a migration that happens."
For Ohio State's Link, that migration needed to happen sooner rather than later. The new center was designed to be a showcase for the school's high-tech operations and aspirations, so a super-high-speed network was essential. The state-of-the-art network also can help attract talent, Link says. "From a faculty perspective, accessing streaming multimedia materials for research or lab equipment or anything across institutions is very inviting," he says. "As competitive as things are, institutions are always looking for an advantage."
Sure, Gigabit Ethernet is overkill for most companies, but that will change. Says Link, "Someday, people are going to want to utilize that bandwidth."