NIST Researchers Tackle Wireless Interference Problem - InformationWeek

InformationWeek is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

IoT
IoT
Infrastructure
News
8/30/2007
05:55 PM
50%
50%

NIST Researchers Tackle Wireless Interference Problem

The federal agency hopes to help companies improve factory designs and avoid blocking transmissions that make it difficult to take advantage of wireless networks.

Factories present challenging environments for wireless systems, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology wants to help.

In its blog on Thursday, the nonregulatory federal agency said that factories and production plans could gain a lot from wireless technology like robotic controls, RFID tag monitoring, and LAN communications.

But NIST's researchers suggest that many factories have highly reflective environments that scatter radio waves. Such environments interfere with or block wireless transmissions and make it difficult for some factories, like auto production plants, to take advantage of wireless networks.

NIST said it plans to partner with the U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), to develop a statistical representation of the radio propagation environment of a production floor as a basis for developing standards to pre-qualify wireless devices for factories.

Researchers began to test wireless signals at an auto assembly plant in August 2006. They completed additional tests this month at an engine plant and a metal stamping plant.

Metal structures like fabrication and testing machinery, platforms, fences, beams, conveyors, mobile forklifts, maintenance vehicles, and automobiles in various stages of production crowded the plants. NIST monitored frequencies below 6 GHz for 24 hours at a time to understand the background ambient radio environment.

The spectrum survey showed that "machine noise," interference from heavy equipment, can impair signals for low-frequency applications such as those used to in some controllers on production floors.

A detailed analysis of wireless LAN frequency on channels from 2.4 to 2.5 GHz found dense and constant traffic by data transmitting nodes, wireless scanners and industrial equipment.

Signal-scattering tests revealed the potential for high levels of "multipath" interference, where radio signals travel in multiple complicated paths from transmitter to receiver, arriving at slightly different times.

NIST said its researchers plan to use the data in studies that will attempt to pre-qualify wireless devices for industrial plants.

In the meantime, NIST researchers have identified actions to minimize radio interference. They include the use of licensed frequency bands where possible, and restrictions on use of personal electronics in high-traffic frequency bands such as 2.4 GHz. NIST also said that absorbing material can help if it is installed in key locations. Wireless systems with high immunity to electromagnetic interference, equipment that emits little machine noise, and use of directional antennas can help mitigate multipath interference when transmitter and receiver are close together, NIST said.

We welcome your comments on this topic on our social media channels, or [contact us directly] with questions about the site.
Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
News
The State of Chatbots: Pandemic Edition
Jessica Davis, Senior Editor, Enterprise Apps,  9/10/2020
Commentary
Deloitte on Cloud, the Edge, and Enterprise Expectations
Joao-Pierre S. Ruth, Senior Writer,  9/14/2020
Slideshows
Data Science: How the Pandemic Has Affected 10 Popular Jobs
Cynthia Harvey, Freelance Journalist, InformationWeek,  9/9/2020
White Papers
Register for InformationWeek Newsletters
2020 State of DevOps Report
2020 State of DevOps Report
Download this report today to learn more about the key tools and technologies being utilized, and how organizations deal with the cultural and process changes that DevOps brings. The report also examines the barriers organizations face, as well as the rewards from DevOps including faster application delivery, higher quality products, and quicker recovery from errors in production.
Video
Current Issue
IT Automation Transforms Network Management
In this special report we will examine the layers of automation and orchestration in IT operations, and how they can provide high availability and greater scale for modern applications and business demands.
Slideshows
Flash Poll