Alternative solutions for EID
While smartcards are very useful in many contexts, for the average consumer - and potentially, EID - this technology is likely to be eclipsed by two technological shifts:
1) Smartphones/Tablets; and
2) FIDO Authenticators (www.fidoalliance.org).
What makes the FIDO technology interesting is that it encompasses all functions of the smartcard for strong-authentication, does not require a smartcard reader, works with desktops, laptops, smartphones, tablets, etc., AND preserves privacy for consumers when authenticating to any FIDO enabled site.
Since the UAE government has already sunk money into smartcards, I would encourage its use as a basis for registering end-user FIDO credentials for sites and use the FIDO credentials for strong-authentication The smartcards can eventually be replaced in their life-cycle with just photo-IDs to save money.