Oracle Supports OpenStack: Lip Service Or Real Commitment? - InformationWeek

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Randy Bias
Randy Bias
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Oracle Supports OpenStack: Lip Service Or Real Commitment?

As Oracle integrates OpenStack cloud with its technologies, the community asks: Will Oracle really embrace the open-source code spirit?

Despite recent pessimism, Oracle on Wednesday announced significant new support for OpenStack in an extremely ambitious manner, pretty much saying that it would support OpenStack as a management framework across an expansive list of Oracle products. 

I don't think you can get much more validation of OpenStack's importance in the future of the enterprise data center than this endorsement. Remember, Oracle is the company that trumpeted a "cloud" strategy that was, in effect, to recreate IBM's mainframe heydays of the 1960s. Oracle is the epitome of a traditional enterprise vendor and to have it announce this level of support for OpenStack is astonishing.

It's also a sign of the times.

Obviously, the first, most-important question in all of this is: Can Oracle engage positively with the open-source meritocracy that OpenStack represents? Admittedly, at first blush it's hard to be positive, given Oracle's walled-garden culture.

[ Want more on Oracle's OpenStack announcement? See Oracle Embraces OpenStack. ]

Oracle essentially ended OpenSolaris as an open-source project, leaving third-party derivatives of OpenSolaris (such as those promulgated by Joyent and Nexenta) out in the cold, having to fork OpenSolaris to Illumos. Similarly, the open-source community's lack of trust can be seen ultimately in the forking of MySQL into MariaDB over concerns about Oracle's support and direction of the MySQL project. Google moved to MariaDB, and all of the major Linux distributions are switching to it as well.

In reading Oracle's press release, one gets the impression that Oracle is simply bowing to the pressures it sees in the marketplace and is not necessarily deeply committed to what makes OpenStack special: its collaborative and inclusive community. Only time will tell us for certain.

Oracle's product line support

Oracle announced an exhaustive list of products it plans to support with OpenStack. It's really too many to list here, but the most prominent and interesting products mentioned were Oracle Solaris, Oracle Linux, and Oracle VM. 

For those not in the know, Oracle has been challenging to work with when it comes to virtualization.

During our deployment of the KT (née Korea Telecom) uCloud in 2010 and 2011, we found out to our consternation that Oracle would not support the Oracle database software under Xen or XenServer. Instead, Oracle insisted on pushing OracleVM as the only supportable virtualization platform, which pretty much means Oracle Linux as well. (I believe if you twist its arm, the company will support Oracle running in VMware ESX, but I think there is still pretty significant resistance.)

Obviously, one of the pros and cons of using OpenStack is that because it's a wide-open platform, multi-hypervisor deployments are quite possible. I am typically bearish on multi-hypervisor as I believe it adds complexity and risk to production deployments; however, there are some clear cases that make multi-hypervisor compelling:

  • Bare metal support.
  • Hyper-V support to reduce Microsoft licensing costs.
  • Oracle VM support to reduce Oracle licensing and support costs.
  • Containers for either bare metal, next-generation platform support, or both.

So, although Oracle has a perhaps overly ambitious lineup of support for OpenStack, if it simply shows up and makes Oracle Linux and Oracle VM work with OpenStack, that would be a net win for both the OpenStack ecosystem and Oracle.

It's hard not to have a certain amount of pessimism about Oracle's announcement. However, I'm hopeful that this signals an understanding of the market realities and that its intentions are in the right place. We will know fairly soon how serious it is based on code contributions to OpenStack, which can be tracked at Stackalytics. (So far, there are zero commits from Oracle and only two from Nimbula, Oracle's recent cloud software acquisition.)

Personally, I'm happy to see Oracle join the party. It further validates the level of interest in OpenStack from the enterprise and reinforces that we're all building a platform for the future.

Randy Bias is co-founder and CEO of cloud software supplier Cloudscaling. He pioneered IaaS at GoGrid and is a founding member and current board member of the OpenStack Foundation.

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Li Tan
Li Tan,
User Rank: Ninja
12/15/2013 | 10:15:37 PM
Re: Behold, the power of OpenStack
This is a really good question - are all these security concerns addressed properly by OpenStack framework or the proprietary solution is needed from each vendor? Now it seems that the traditional IT giant like Oracle started to embrace open-source technology but I believe there is still long way to go before it prevails - to sale the product to enterprise, you need to get all concerns from IT head addressed properly.
User Rank: Ninja
12/15/2013 | 8:42:50 PM
Behold, the power of OpenStack
Is it just me, or is it really interesting to see how much power OpenStack is building in relation to influencing the market.  When you think about the main platforms that generally comprised the bulk of cloud services, Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and VMware, the fact that OpenStack is really forcing its way into the marketplace as a strong contender.  My main concern is that since OpenStack is still a newer platform, are there really the right security controls and tools available to manage these environments?
User Rank: Apprentice
12/15/2013 | 1:53:42 AM
Re: Oracle, Open Source Culture Clash?

I can't speak for all of Oracle but from the Oracle Solaris side, once the paperwork is complete we plan to be contribute our OpenStack Nova, Neutron and Cinder drivers along with bug fixes, code reviews and just be good, contributing community members.

As for the why, the answer is pretty simple. Solaris has a number of unique features in terms of file systems (like ZFS), virtualization (Zones combined with fine grained resource management), in-production dynamic tracing across the stack (DTrace), compreshensive fault management (FMA for hardware, SMF for software), network virtualization (Crossbow), safe software lifecycle (boot environments coupled with IPS), etc, etc. The infrastructure there makes ideal building blocks for building up IaaS on x86 or SPARC based systems.
User Rank: Strategist
12/13/2013 | 3:30:07 PM
Oracle inside OpenStack, what's not to like?
Oracle has a poor reputation with open source developers, one that's richly deserved. If it's not in its own direct interest, it doesn't contribute. Oracle does produce code effectively for the Linux kernel under Wim Coekerts,. but, when Oracle wanted to turn away from Red Hat, its customers balked, wanting to continue to use Enterprise Linux, Oracle repackaged a RHEL knock off and called it Oracle Linux, hoping to undercut Red Hat's revenue. It choked off open source independence for Solaris, hobbled the Java Development Community and ended independence for MySQL. Oracle paid the former owners for the right to do this to their products; let's not labor under any illusions. But possession of open source and participation in the community that builds out the code are two different things. 
Lorna Garey
Lorna Garey,
User Rank: Author
12/13/2013 | 1:07:58 PM
Prime swampland
If anyone believes this is anything but a PR move for Oracle, Larry has a nice island to sell you ... oh, wait, he does have an island. And he didn't get it by embracing open source.
User Rank: Author
12/13/2013 | 12:07:34 PM
Oracle, Open Source Culture Clash?
Oracle's corporate culture and the open source movement's culture present a stark contrast. Is Oracle starting a relationship with OpenStack that will be meaningful to customers, or is it just a means to avoid sales disaster? Tell us what you think.
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