Apprenda is one of the few companies selling platform-as-a-service as a system to be installed inside the enterprise datacenter. Now it has teamed up with Microsoft to give enterprise users built-in access to Microsoft's Azure cloud.
By linking development to an automatically available amount of Azure cloud services, the two firms are smoothing the path to a hybrid-cloud style of operations.
The Azure compute services are included in the price of the on-premises license. The license assumes a fraction of the total development conducted under its terms will end up deployed in the cloud. Apprenda is sold as an annual subscription, based on the amount of server memory that the system is using. So a customer buying 500 GBs of Apprenda to use on-premises might find an equivalent of 10% or 20% of the licensed space available on Azure as well, without paying Microsoft any fees for it.
Apprenda supplies a Java and .Net development management system designed for installation in the enterprise, supporting the two languages most likely to connect to legacy systems. It's been used by such enterprises as McKesson and Boeing.
[Want to learn more about the debate over which PaaS is best? See Cloud Crossroads: Which Way PaaS?]
The move gives enterprise developers who are often working with Java and .Net applications a reason to modernize those applications and/or develop new applications that can run in either location. Apprenda CEO and co-founder Sinclair Schuller remembers working for financial services employers where the development team solved the same problems of scalability and deployment over and over again. "We'd spend 3-5 months writing an application, then 90-120 days to deploy it. We were constantly re-inventing the approach to scalability and rules for deployment ... We thought, 'What if we could solve those two problems?'" he said in an interview with InformationWeek.
Apprenda is a system that can take a fresh application and learn its scalability needs on the fly, then address them. It uses a form of containerization of the application for final deployment, whether on-premises or in the cloud, which allows Apprenda to run applications as multiple tenants on a host server. The container provides isolation for each application from the other; the host supplies a single copy of the operating system, serving multiple containers.
Apprenda PaaS started out with more of a legacy system and enterprise point of view, said Schuller. At the same, it focuses development on CentOS, the free version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and deploys to production on licensed RHEL.
The alliance with Apprenda moves Microsoft into the front ranks of companies willing to supply a container approach, instead of relying solely on virtual machines as a form of workload distribution.
While Amazon Web Services and PaaS suppliers based on Amazon offer a "use the public-cloud first" approach, Microsoft is starting to hedge its bets
and move toward an inside-out approach: use PaaS in-house, then expand its use into the public cloud, including deployments of new applications.
Apprenda users may not only deploy new applications to Azure but also conduct Apprenda-based development there as well, if they choose, said Gary Olah, Apprenda's VP of business development, in an interview. In the future, customers may choose which type of computing they wish to use without worrying about enterprise boundaries. One Apprenda license will allow them to provision and occupy servers sometimes on-premises, sometimes in the cloud. As customers grow used to Apprenda's capabilities, they will compose rules that guide whether an application is deployed on-premises, due to security and regulatory requirements, or to the public cloud.
"As long as they keep buying Apprenda (annual subscriptions), they will get capacity on Azure," said Olah. Right now, those subscriptions assume most applications will be developed for use on premises, but in the future, the balance could shift toward heavier cloud deployments, he said.
Apprenda functions as a runtime environment, allowing applications to be deployed and scaled under its management provisions. Right now it includes automatic access to use of an open source Tomcat application server for Java applications. By the end of 2014, that access will include the Red Hat JBoss application server and IBM WebSphere application server as well, said Jesse Kliza, senior director of marketing, in an interview.
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